The best leg workouts: a simple routine that covers everything from your calves to your glutes | Fit&Well

The best leg workouts: a simple routine that covers everything from your calves to your glutes

Get stronger, more toned legs with the best leg workout

Best leg workouts
(Image credit: Jonathan Borba on Unsplash)

The best leg workouts are the obvious next step after doing the best glute exercises – after all, as the old song goes, the leg bone is connected to the, er, butt bone.  Anyway, now is the time of year where legs break out of hibernation and soak up some much needed vitamin D. It is also the time many look to the best leg exercises, to improve definition, increase muscle mass or simply shape up their pins with the best leg workout.

Although those muscles are regularly activated in anyone who walks, runs or cycles, it is still possible to improve the performance and aesthetic of your legs with some carefully targeted resistance training, which gradually introduces weight to progressively overload the targeted muscles. This, in turn, encourages them to repair and grow, increasing muscle mass, improving strength and generally toning.

It doesn’t matter if your goals are to own a set of quads that would put a professional rugby player to shame or carve some more curvaceous calves, we’ve got the best leg workout to cover all bases, complete with a bit of background science about what each individual move targets and why it is so good.

How to perform the best leg workout

The muscles in the legs are among the largest, most powerful and most frequently used in the human body – so long as you aren't stuck behind a desk all day. That's why they react extremely well to regular exercise. Even those fresh to working out can often see positive results in just a couple of weeks. 

That said, the legs can often be the biggest culprits for Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (or DOMS to those in gym circles), which can see certain areas become sore to touch or generally feeling fatigued. With that in mind, it’s well worth kick-starting any new leg regime slowly, going easy on the weights and very gradually building up to greater repetitions and increased loads over time.

Ensure you stay hydrated throughout, get plenty of rest after exercise and introduce additional protein to the diet via healthy sources, such as lean meats, pulses, fish and nuts. The body will crave protein to help it repair and grow the muscles worked, so ensure you are eating the fuel to allow it to do so.

THE best leg workout

(Image credit: Future)

1. Squats (10-12 reps if weighted, 20-30 if not x 3-4 sets)   

There are few other exercises that target all of the major muscle groups in the legs quite like a squat and its scope for progressive overload (adding weights over time) is huge. Introducing a barbell, dumbbells, kettlebell or anything heavy later down the line is the perfect way to gradually increase lower body strength.

Stand with feet hip-width apart (you can take a narrower or wider stance if more comfortable), keep your back straight, shoulders pinned back and chest high. Now, slowly lower your butt towards the ground by hingeing at the knee, as if you were about to sit on a chair. Ensure the knees don’t creep over the tips of your toes, pause when the thighs are parallel with the floor below and then drive through the heels, keeping the chest high and squeezing the glutes to return to an upright position.

Practice this move without weights and then add a barbell across your upper back, dumbbells held at shoulder height or a kettlebell gripped at your chest when confident with form. Don’t let your knees flare outwards and protect the back by keeping it flat, using the powerful glutes to drive your upper body back to a fully standing position and brace abs to stabilise.

2. Bulgarian split squat (10-12 reps each leg x 3-4 sets)

A powerful move that focusses on the quads (your thigh muscles), the Bulgarian split squat can be performed while holding dumbbells, a resistance band or just your bodyweight, making it great for all levels.

Stand in front of a bench or raised surface (it needs to be around knee-to-waist height) and place the toes of your trailing leg onto it. Gain balance by focussing on a point dead ahead, keeping the chest high and shoulders back. Now hinge at the knee of your leading leg and lower until your thigh is parallel with the ground below.

Ensure the ankle of your leading leg is the thing making micro adjustments for balance and support, your leading knee shouldn’t sway or wander forwards over your toes. Pause when the thigh is parallel to the floor before bracing your abs and driving through your heel to an upright position. Repeat this for the designated reps and swap legs. 

You can progressively make this move harder by holding a set of dumbbells in each hand, making sure not to round the back or shoulders during the lowering portion. Similarly, a resistance band looped under the foot and held in each hand makes for a great tool to encourage the quads to work even harder.

3. Calf raises (12-15 reps each leg x 3-4 sets)

This exercise hones in on just one part of the legs but is great for creating that coveted, heart-shaped look to the back of the calves. Again, it can be made harder by introducing weights.

Find a raised surface, such as a curb or a step, and shuffle yourself backwards until the heels hand off the edge. Keeping a straight back and chest high, slowly lower the heels over the edge until the almost touch the floor, pause at the bottom and drive back up, contracting the calves as you do so.

Beginners can find this exercise really burns after a few reps, so listen to your body and take it easy. On the other hand, if it feels too easy to hit 12-15 reps, grab a set of dumbbells or a resistance band to make things tougher.

(Image credit: Future)

4. Lunges (12-15 reps each leg x 3-4 sets)

Another move that gets the lower body firing on all cylinders, the lunge can be performed with or without weights, in an enclosed space or switched up to a walking lunge if you have plenty of room. 

Stand tall with hands held in front of you for balance (or grip dumbbells for a trickier variant), now take a large step backwards with your trailing leg, hinge at the knee and lower the body until your leading thigh is parallel with the ground. Ensure the trailing knee doesn’t actually touch the ground before driving through the heel of the leading leg and snapping the trailing foot back to a fully standing position. Swap legs and repeat.

To add an extra element of athleticism, try this lunge on various planes for each leg. Step forwards for a rep, sideways (a lateral lunge) for another and backwards (reverse lunge) for a final rep before swapping legs and repeating several times. This helps incorporate multiple muscles.

(Image credit: iStock)

5. Romanian deadlift (12-15 reps x 3-4 sets)

This move requires a barbell and some weights (you can supplement in dumbbells, too). Place a weighted barbell on the floor and tuck your toes underneath it, so laces can be seen poking out of the other side. Stand with feet-width apart, hinge at the hips and thrust your butt backwards. Grab the bar with a strong, overhand grip, keep the back flat and contract the shoulder blades. Now drive through your heels, squeezing the glutes until the body is upright. 

From here, it is a case of lowering the bar down your thighs, keeping it close to your shins, without bending your back. For most, you will feel tension on the hamstrings (the big muscles at the back of your legs) just before the bar touches the ground. Pause at the stage where you feel tension, contract the glutes and hamstrings and drive back up through the heels, keeping the back flat, until you are upright again. Repeat.

6. Prisoner walk (12 reps x 3-4 sets)

This finishing move is a great way to end a workout and doesn’t require any equipment. Find a mat or a soft surface that won’t damage the knees. Stand with feet shoulder-width apart and cross hands in front of chest so you are touching the shoulders. Slowly sit hips back and down into a half squat position and pause here for half a second. Now, lower the right knee down to the ground, followed by left so you are kneeling. Finally, bring right foot forward, followed by left, and return to half-squat position.

The core strength required to get into the half squat position from kneeling has the added benefit of working the abs, so ensure you keep these braced throughout.