How to calculate BMI: This is how to use your Body Mass Index for weight loss

This is how to calculate your BMI – and how to use it to help you on your weight loss journey

How to calculate BMI
(Image credit: Getty Images)

What is BMI? You've probably heard the term bandied around if you've been planning to start your weight loss journey in 2021. You've probably already learned it stands for Body Mass Index, and it's likely to be a number between 1 and 50. However, you might not know how it relates to you, or what this tells you about your body. 

How to calculate BMI: What is Body Mass Index?

Body Mass Index is a number which can indicate if you are a healthy weight for an individual of your height. It's that simple.

Unfortunately, BMI is not a perfect measurement, but it's a good, simple way to indicate if you're a healthy weight. This is why it's often used in large-scale or population-level studies. 

How to calculate BMI

(Image credit: Getty Images)

How to calculate BMI: Use an online tool

The formula for BMI is your weight (in kilograms) divided by height (in meters) squared. Fortunately, you don't need to start doing mental arithmetic to do this: plenty of online calculators exist, such as the link below used by the UK's National Health Service.

Once you have your BMI number, you'll know whether you are underweight, a healthy weight, overweight, obese or morbidly obese. The thresholds for each section are listed below.

  • A BMI of less than 18.5 is considered underweight.
  • A BMI of 18.5-24.9 is considered a healthy weight. 
  • A BMI of 25-29.9 is considered overweight. 
  • A BMI of 30-39.9 is considered obese
  • Any higher is considered morbidly obese

How to calculate BMI: What do I do now?

Now you know your BMI, be aware as mentioned previously, it's not a perfect measurement. For example, a heavily-muscled bodybuilder might register as "overweight" or "obese" even though they are very athletic. However, as an indicator for the average person, BMI is a good indicator.

If you are underweight, you might need to look at gaining muscle, increasing your intake of healthy foods and using resistance training exercises like push-ups, squats and pull-ups to help gain muscle.

If you're overweight or in one of the obese categories, you need to look at changing your diet, reducing your calorie intake and eating less starchy carbs to get back to the "healthy weight" category. You should also look at exercises which will help you lose weight, such as walking to lose weight or running our Couch to 5K plan.

You can also pop your BMI into services like Fitbit or Apple Fitness+ to sync with your devices, which will keep track of your body's metrics and recommend workouts to match your goals.

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